Exemplory case of comparison essay in theory of literature: the difference between classicism and sentimentalism
Literature is a unique kind of art that can help to know the present-day history and also to know the way the key tendencies of social development in the past were formed.
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The looks of classicism, which developed in Western European culture during the end of the seventeenth century, determined the ideological content of literary works, the strict system of poetic rules while the maxims of plot construction, reflecting the idea of orderliness and perfection regarding the universe, nature and society.
The “sensitive” literature of sentimentalism that emerged within the last half associated with eighteenth century was meant to show and educate on examples and images that can cause empathy, which awakens high feelings, guided because of the indisputable fact that all evil may be overcome.
Inside our literary works as much as the beginning of the XIX century, classicism and sentimentalism developed, complementing each other and pursuing the exact same goal: which will make society perfect, by affirming the logical principles of morality as well as the rules of human behavior. Ways to achieve this goal into the philosophy of classicism had been defined as the assertion associated with supremacy of order, form, hierarchy and were predicated on a definite division of creative designs online paper writer and genres. The theorists of classicism paid unique attention to drama and poetry. Epic poems and tragedies when the basis associated with plot is without question important historic activities, and actors – the gods and strongest for this globe, demanded a lofty poetic composition, ruled spatial turns. These were related to the “high” genre.
The spoken language and stylistically lowered images could only be contained in satires, fables and comedies, which fixed this is of “low” genres. Obligatory observance for the unity of the time, place, action and guidelines of constructing tragedy and drama with exposure, zygote, growth of action, culmination and resolution limited the possibility of stage-based discovery of images, but emphasized the inviolability of order, the bond of cause and impact, clarity expression regarding the primary notion of the task. Sentimentalism allowed more freely to use the method of creative expression. Attention to household details, a description of emotional experiences, the image of this internal realm of man along with his closeness to nature demanded and new literary forms. The epistolary genre, sentimental novel, travel notes appear in the literary works. The introduction of sentimentalism greatly expanded the possibilities of artistic prose and made it more democratic: the interest of both article writers and visitors had been the fate of a regular individual, clear, near, causing interest and compassion.
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Thus, the essential difference between classicism and sentimentalism can be follows:
- The main topic of the image in the works of classicism are very important, significant activities that determine the fate of an individual who is obliged to obey the established order in addition to determined length of events.
- In the heart of attention of article writers – sentimentalists – the inner realm of heroes, effective at deeply feel and experience.
- Classicism is really a literary trend in which the foundation regarding the artistic method may be the division of works into “high”, “medium” and “low” genres.
- Sentimentalism doesn’t have such a division, because its task would be to teach the sensory faculties, using a wide range of visual method for this purpose.
- The primary genres of classicism are the epic poem, tragedy, ode, drama, heroic tale, comedy, satire and fable.
- Genres attribute of sentimentalism are a novel, letters, diaries, travel records.
- Classicalism argued educational a few ideas in line with the subordination of personal feelings of debt to society.
- Representatives of sentimentalism considered the inner realm of heroes as a harmonious whole.
- They believed that educating an individual, you’ll enhance the whole society.